Today I visited a local farm in Oyambarillo, not far from the Quito airport, where a local family raises guinea pig for eating. My hosts were Edwin Paillacho and his wife, Sonia Cachago. I can’t thank them enough for letting me spend some time photographing their finca and asking tons of questions. All of this in preparation for a series of articles I hope to write on marketing cuy (the local name for guinea pig), in the United States – the first is due to come out next month in Modern Farmer Magazine and I will be sure to share it with you all.
But in the meantime, I thought my readers would love to see what a small cuy raising operation looks like:
These are the hutches where the guinea pigs are kept. The first hutch is for mothers and young. The second hutch has two compartments, one for females and one for young males. They need to be kept separate as guinea pigs will mate like rabbits and it is better that the young females have time to mature before getting pregnant the first time.
The guinea pigs are very shy. As the door to the hutch was opened, every animal fled to the back corner. These animals are not pets and do not like to be held or touched. Throughout the visit, they made a noise that sounded vaguely like chickens, a light chirping sound. Edwin told me that they are normally very quiet animals but become anxious around people. Sonia added that even a dog walking by could cause distress.
I specifically asked if these animals are ever pets and they looked a little askance and shook their heads no. Ecuadorians, especially indigenous Ecuadorians, are so used to raising cuy for meat that the concept of one of these animals being a pet is pretty odd. Even when their young daughter, Victoria, picked up a baby guinea pig, it was clear that the young creature wanted only to escape her little hands.
The cuy that are ready for eating are very large, up to 2 kilos in size. A friend in Nayon told me that the even larger breeds of cuy can be found, up to 3.8 kilos or about 8 pounds. These animals can scratch and bite and are more than a handful to manage. In fact, I recently read that in California, many guinea pigs are being brought to animal shelters because they are not fit to be pets. Their behavior is more like the breeds of guinea pigs raised for meat rather than those raised to become pets.
Thanks to my good friend, Maribel Quija, who continues to introduce me to locals who are willing to share their culture and experience with this American. I am very fortunate to have found so many people, like Sonia and Edwin, who open their homes and their hearts to my camera and notebook.
If you know of any North American farmers interested in raising guinea pigs for meat, I would love an introduction and an opportunity for an interview. I’m curious to know about the not so average experience of raising this animal and selling it to the appropriate markets in the USA.